Cao, Y. D.,Kais, S.

Perturbative gadgets are general techniques for reducing many-body spin interactions to two-body ones using perturbation theory. This allows for potential realization of effective many-body interactions using more physically viable two-body ones. In parallel with prior work (arXiv:1311.2555 [quant-ph]), here we consider minimizing the physical resource required for implementing the gadgets initially proposed by Kempe, Kitaev and Regev (arXiv:quant-ph/0406180) and later generalized by Jordan and Farhi (arXiv:0802.1874v4). The main innovation of our result is a set of methods that efficiently compute tight upper bounds to errors in the perturbation theory. We show that in cases where the terms in the target Hamiltonian commute, the bounds produced by our algorithm are sharp for arbitrary order perturbation theory. We provide numerics which show orders of magnitudes improvement over gadget constructions based on trivial upper bounds for the error term in the perturbation series. We also discuss further improvement of our result by adopting the Schrieffer-Wolff formalism of perturbation theory and supplement our observation with numerical results.