Pearson, Richard G.; Enrique Martinez-Meyer; Mercedes Andrade Velazquez; Mercedes Caron; Rogelio O. Corona-Nunez; Katrina Davis; America Paz Duan; Rodrigo Garcia Morales; Talya D. Hackett; Daniel J. Ingram; Rafael Loyola Diaz; Julian Lescano; Andreas Lira-Noriega; Yolanda Lopez-Maldonado; Daniela Manuschevich; Alma Mendoza; Ben Millogan; Simon C. Mills; Dario Moreira-Arce; Luzma F. Nava; Vicencio Oostra; Nathan Owen; David Prieto-Torres; Clarita Rodriguez Soto; Thomas Smith; Andrew J. Suggitt; Camila Tejo Haristoy; Jorge Velasquez-Tibata; Sandra Diaz and Pablo A. Marquet

Maintaining biodiversity is crucial for ensuring human well-being. We participated in a workshop held in Palenque, Mexico, in August 2018, that brought together thirty mostly early-career scientists working in different disciplines (natural, social and economic sciences) with the aim of identifying research priorities for studying the contributions of biodiversity to people and how these contributions might be impacted by environmental change. Five main groups of questions emerged: (1) Enhancing the quantity, quality, and availability of biodiversity data; (2) Integrating different knowledge systems; (3) Improved methods for integrating diverse data; (4) Fundamental questions in ecology and evolution; and (5) Multi-level governance across boundaries. We discuss the need for increased capacity building and investment in research programs to address these challenges.